Comparing the Most Popular Node.js Frameworks in 2021

Comparing the Most Popular Node.js Frameworks in 2021

The javascript ecosystem has grown enormously over the last decade. It has evolved from developing client applications to building desktop and mobile applications. Javascript has become inevitable regardless of the platform. One of the reasons being Node.js.

People often confuse Node.js with frameworks/programming languages. Node.js is a runtime environment that helps run javascript on servers. It takes the chrome v8 engine and compiles the javascript code on the servers.

Node.js helps developers build applications on server-side, desktop, and mobile applications. Having Node.js as the base, a lot of frameworks have evolved in recent years. 

Here are some of the exciting facts about Node.js

Let’s look at some of the popular Node.js frameworks:

Types of Node.js Frameworks

There are different ways and patterns to develop a web application. In the modern era, we can create an application using Monolith architecture or build it as Microservices. Based on the architecture that we choose, it changes an application lifecycle. We can categorize the Node.js frameworks into three different styles.

REST API Frameworks

REST API is a standard that helps to transfer the resources using the HTTP protocol. There are different methods used in REST-based architecture. They are,

undefined

A lot of frameworks in Node.js provide us the facility to develop REST APIs. Clients side like browsers or mobile, can consume the data and update the server-side using REST APIs.

MVC Frameworks

MVC Frameworks provides us scalable solution by splitting the layers as:

It makes the process easier by splitting the application layers as Model, View, and Controller and allows us to scale the application. 

The way MVC Framework works is: 

undefined

Full-Stack MVC Frameworks

Full Stack MVC Frameworks can take care of both the client-side and server-side of an application. It follows MVC Architecture with additional features such as scaffolding, template engine, middlewares, libraries and provides options to automate many repetitive tasks on application development.

It’s an MVC Framework with additional features on top of it. Choosing a full-stack MVC framework comes with a lot of advantages. 

undefined

Our List of the Most Prominent Node.js Frameworks: Features, Pros, and Cons

So far, we have seen the different categories of frameworks. According to Node.js survey reports, Node.js frameworks have increased productivity among developers by 68%, improves developer satisfaction, increased application performance, and reduced development costs. Let’s look into some of the most prominent node.js frameworks available in the industry.  

ExpressJS

undefined

ExpressJS is one of the popular Node.js frameworks. It is a fast, minimalistic web framework within Node.js with features that help build robust API for mobile and web applications.

One of the main advantages of ExpressJS is the learning curve. It’s easy to learn and get started with it. In that way, beginners can quickly adapt and start working on applications using ExpressJS.

Features

Pros

Cons

Hapi.js

undefined

Hapi.js is a REST API-based framework to build scalable web applications and developed by the mobile development team of Walmart Labs. An interesting fact about Hapi.js is that it handled all the requests of Walmart’s mobile application on black Friday traffic with about 10 CPUs and 28 GB of RAM.

Features

Pros

Cons

Sails.js

undefined

Building an Enterprise-grade application from scratch can be difficult. We need to maintain code structure and design principles by ourselves across the company. A framework like Sails.js solves that problem for us. It is an MVC-based web application framework for enterprise-grade applications.

It resembles MVC architecture from a framework like ruby on rails. It follows the “convention over configuration” principle. It helps us to build Real-time applications quickly.

Features

Pros

Cons

Koa.js

undefined

Koa.js is the latest web framework designed by the team behind Express. It raises the question of why there is a need for a new framework.

Well, koa is smaller and more expressive and packed with async functions by default. We’ve seen that Express has limitations with callbacks. So, the team decided to solve that problem with Koa.js by providing async tasks by default.

Features

Pros

Cons

Meteor.js

undefined

Meteor.js is a Full Stack javascript platform to build web and mobile applications. It offers a complete ecosystem to build applications so that we don’t need to combine different tools with building full-stack applications.

Features

Pros

Cons

Nest.js

undefined

Nest.js is a progressive Node.js framework that helps to build efficient and scalable Node.js server-side applications. It’s using Express under the hood. One of the main advantages of Nest.js over Express is that it provides an exact architectural way that helps us build enterprise-grade applications quickly.

Features

Pros

Cons

Socket.IO

undefined

Even though SocketIO doesn’t come under a category of node js framework. It has become an inevitable library when it comes to building a real-time application using javascript. 

It establishes a bi-directional communication between the client and server-side. One of the common use-cases of it is building chat applications like WhatsApp and Facebook messenger.

Features

Pros

Cons

Adoni.js

undefined

Adoni.js is an MVC-based framework that helps us build a stable webserver without worrying about packages and libraries. It helps us to focus only on the core business logic. It follows the same principles and concepts as Laravel.

Features

Pros

Cons

Loopback.js

undefined

Loopback.js is a Node.js framework that helps us to build REST API with little or No coding. It uses ExpressJS under the hood. It can generate a fully functional end-to-end REST API for web applications.

Features

Pros

Cons

Total.js

undefined

Total.js is a Node.js framework that offers a CMS-like experience to build web applications. It has a collection of libraries and UI components that help to develop a complete product.

Features

Pros

Cons

Derby.js

undefined

Derby.js is a full-stack MVC framework for writing a modern web application. It follows MVC architectural pattern and uses shareDB’s to provide real-time data synchronization between client and server.

It provides the facility to render HTML pages on the server-side. It uses a racer engine for real-time data synchronization.

Features

Pros

Cons

Feather.js

undefined

As the name suggests, it is a lightweight framework to build real-time applications and REST APIs using javascript or typescript.

Features

Pros

Cons

Recap

With Node.js frameworks’ support, it has become effortless to build scalable applications in the modern world. It’s also essential to choose a framework based on our application requirements.